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The 4Rs of Chinandega


icona ambienteraccolta rifiutiIntegrated and sustainable management of urban solid waste in six municipalities in the northern area of Chinandega



Nicaragua, District of Chinandega, Municipalities of: Somotillo, Villa Nueva, Santo Tomás del Norte, San Francisco del Norte, San Pedro del Norte and San Juan de Cinco Pinos.


From February 1, 2011 to July 31, 2013.



The basin of the Rio Negro, situated in the trans-frontier area of the Gulf of Fonseca, in which the action takes place, is the third priority basin in Central America and the second most important in Nicaragua. The future construction of a commercial port in the area will have a strong impact on the production and management of solid waste with the risk of negative repercussions on the local communities. The project stems from and develops within the Plan for an Integrated Development of the Gulf od Fonseca (PIDET) promoted by the Open Frontiers Program of the Lombard Region within the scope of the project Fronteras Abiertas (2008-2010) implemented by CeSPI in collaboration with the Italo-Latin American Institute (IILA) and funded by the Italian Cooperation.
The intervention, oriented towards the application of the so-called 4Rs (Reduction, Reuse, Recycle and Recover), takes place in 6 municipalities in the northern area of the District of Chinandega pooled in the AMUNORCHI Association and aims to promote an integrated and sustainable management of solid urban waste.



  • To improve hygiene and health conditions of the inhabitants of the 6 trans-frontier municipalities in the northern area of Chinandega and elaborate a plan for a complete management of solid waste.
  • To implement a plan for the complete management of solid waste in the 6 trans-frontier municipalities in the northern area of Chinandega.



  • Carrying out of a study to analyze through a participatory methodology the situation of the municipal waste management system and elaborate an integrated and sustainable management plan at intermunicipal level. Particular attention is given to the study of the reclaimable and recycled materials market to create new job opportunities amongst the local populations.
  • Organization of an intensive training module for employees and managers of the municipalities for the purpose of capacity building in the management of waste by the local institutions.
  • Organization of exchange visits thanks to which the technicians of the Nicaraguan municipalities involved in the project have the opportunity to share experiences in the sector of waste disposal with European peers, in particular with those of the Lombard Region.



Direct beneficiaries:
22,721 inhabitants resident in the urban and periurban area of the six municipalities involved in the intervention.

Indirect beneficiaries:
58,000 people living in the rural areas, 10,000 people who annually visit the area (tourists, traders, etc).



The integrated waste management plan includes the creation of a strategy of economic self sustainability, the optimization of the pricing system and the fee collection process.
The municipal technicians responsible for the service will take part in a training program, which includes the elaboration of a plan for the management in each municipality, with the aim to strengthen local technical capacities and ownership process.



Total value:
758.083 €


Principal funder:
ue European Commission


Altri finanziatori:

Region of Lombardy, IRER (Istituto Regionale di Ricerca della Lombardia)

Region of Lombardy
IRER (Istituto Regionale di Ricerca della Lombardia)