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Mozambique

mozambico


ACRA centre

 

Avenida Samuel Magaia 1566
Maputo
mob. + 258 823 041 510

 

FACTSHEET

 

Capital: Maputo

Area: 799.380 Km²

Population: 23.049.621

bandiera Mozambique

Situated in eastern Africa, Mozambique is a multi-party presidential republic from 1990. A former Portuguese colony, it gained independence in 1975; the country was pacified with the treaty of Rome in 1992, after a long civil war that shed many casualties and devastated the economy during the '80s.


The climate is tropical with monsoonal influence.
The current political stability, low crime rate, an economic system open to the market, have created a favourable environment to foreign investment and consequently a good economic growth rate. However, in the Human Development Index 2012 rating, Mozambique occupies the 184th position out of 187 countries. The wealth produced is concentrated in the hands of few, the country is strongly indebted and it is estimated that about two thirds of the population live in conditions of food insecurity.


The population is afflicted also by problems related to an inefficient healthcare service and an inadequate education system, a high HIV and malaria prevalence, as well as a large gap between the urban and rural areas.


ACRA works in Mozambique since 2014 with a program that combines the distribution of basic sanitation by developing social entrepreneurship.


CURRENT PROJECTS

>>> The Sanitation chain


DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS

Human Development Index
on 187 countries in the worlds*
184th position Urban population* 38%
Average age** 16,8 years
- 16,2 men
- 17,5 women
Per Capita Income (PPP)* $ 898
($ 2,46 a day)
Population living under the
poverty line**
54% Life expectancy at birth* 52 years
Under 5 mortality* 142/1000 HIV prevalence in adults** 11,5%
Children under 5 who are underweight for their age** 21,2% Unemployment rate** 21%
Workforce occupation** 81% agricolture
6% industry
13% services
Literacy rate** 56,1%
- 70,8% men
- 42,8% women
Population with access to drinking water*** 47%
- 77% urban
- 29% rural
Population without access to sanitation*** 41%
- 13% urban
- 58% rural
       
* Source UNDP
** Source CIA
*** Source UNICEF and World Health Organization Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation 2012