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  • Areas of intervention

    Areas of intervention

    Click on the icons or on the menu on the left to see all ACRA on-going projects in the different area.

    cosa facciamo ambiente eng casafacciamo acqua imgen
    casafacciamo cibo imgEN casafacciamo educazione imgEN
    Article Count:
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  • Countries of intervention

    countries of intervention

    Click the pointer on the left menu to view all current ACRA projects in the various countries.

     

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    • Burkina Faso

      BURKINA FASO

      burkinafaso


      ACRA centre

       

      Ouagadougou Office

      Quartier Zogona
      Secteur 13,
      BP 9288, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

       

      Diapaga Office
      Secteur 1
      Diapaga, Burkina Faso

       

       

      FACTSHEET

       

      Capital: Ouagadougou

      Area: 274.200 Km²

      Populatione: 16.967.800

      Bandiera

      Burkina Faso is a relatively small country but is one of the most densely populated in Western Africa. The climate is tropical and alternates the dry season with the rainy season. Burkinabé economy is strongly dependent on the neighbouring Ivory Coast (exports and remittances from resident fellow countrymen) and greatly suffers the slump in the economy of this country.


      Industry is practically non-existent and agricultural activities are constantly threatened by droughts, which reflects on a shortage of cultivable land (around 18% of the territory), mainly in the south of the country.


      ACRA Foundation has been present in the country since 2007 and concentrates its activities in 8 municipalities in Tapoa supporting the populations that live around the W National Park. The main strategy of the Foundation's actions, in harmony with the Country's decentralization policy, consists in creating opportunities for participatory development aimed at, amongst other things, reducing the pressure exercised onto the protected territories of the Park.


      CURRENT PROJECTS

      >>> Foundations for Africa in Burkina Faso 

      >>> Women and rural development

      >>> Makers4Dev


      COMPLETED PROJECTS

      >>> Tourism against Poverty


      DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS

      Human Development Index
      on 187 countries in the worlds*
      181° posizione Urban population* 26,5%
      Average age** 17 years
      - 16,8 men
      - 17,2 women
      Per Capita Income (PPP)* $ 1.141
      ($ 3,12 a day)
      Population living under the
      poverty line**
      44,4% Life expectancy at birth* 55,4 years
      Under 5 mortality* 166/1000 HIV prevalence in adults** 1,2%
      Children under 5 who are underweight for their age** 37,4% Unemployment rate** 77%
      Workforce occupation** 90% agricolture
      10% industry e services
      Literacy rate** 21,8%
      - 29,4% men
      - 15,2% women
      Population with access to drinking water*** 79%
      - 95% urban
      - 73% rural
      Population without access to sanitation*** 59%
      - 76% urban
      - 9% rural
      * Source UNDP
      ** Source CIA
      *** Source UNICEF and World Health Organization Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation 2012   
      Article Count:
      4
    • Chad

      Chad

      ciad


      ACRA centre

       

      c/o AMASOT,
      BP 1099 Quartiere Sabangali,
      N'djamena
      Ciad

       

      FACTSHEET

       

      Capital: N'Djamena

      Area: 1.284.000 Km²

      Populatione: 10.975.648

      bandiera-ciad

      Chad is a country four times the size of Italy situated in the heart of Africa, where recurrent political-military unrest, combined with the harsh environmental conditions (drought during the dry season, flooding in the rainy season) have seriously conditioned human development.
      Chad is in fact one of the poorest countries in the world where basic services are not yet sufficiently guaranteed.

       

      The economy is still prevalently agricultural and one of subsistence farming. The ACRA Foundation has been operating in Chad since 1968, year of its foundation, with interventions in many central and southern areas of the country (West Mandoul, Guerà, Logone Valley, Gran Sido, Salamat, Mayo Kebbi).

       

      The intervention priorities are education, protection of the environment, fighting hunger and poverty. Transversally to the current projects, ACRA supports income generating activities of its rural partners, through both microfinance and the implementation of development funds.


      CURRENT PROJECTS

      >>> School of integration

      COMPLETED PROJECTS

      >>> Cereal Banks

      >>> Right to Education in Bekamba

      >>> Zakouma National Park
      >>> School of democracy
      >>> New Doctors in Chad


      DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS

      Human Development Index
      on 187 countries in the worlds*
      183th position Urban population* 28 %
      Average age** 16,8 years
      - 15,6 men
      - 17,9 women
      Per Capita Income (PPP)* $ 1.105
      ($ 3,02 a day)
      Population living under the
      poverty line**
      80% Life expectancy at birth* 48,7 years
      Under 5 mortality* 209/1000 HIV prevalence in adults** 3,7%
      Children under 5 who are underweight for their age** 33,9% Unemployment rate** n.d.
      Workforce occupation** 80% agricolture
      20% industry e services
      Literacy rate** 34,5 %
      - 45% men
      - 24,2% women
      Population with access to drinking water*** 51%
      - 70% urban
      - 44% rural
      Population without access to sanitation*** 62%
      - 15% urban
      - 80% rural
      * Source UNDP
      ** Source CIA
      *** Source UNICEF and World Health Organization Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation 2012   
      Article Count:
      5
      • Cereal Banks

        Cereals banks

         

        ico cibo internacerealiCereal banks, an effective model for development and food security of the rural populations in CHAD

         

        WHERE

        Chad, Region of Guéra, Mongo.

         

        DURATION

        From January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2015

         

         

        CONTEXT

        Lack of food security is a widespread condition in the entire Sahel belt in Chad, including the region of Guéra where ACRA has been working for years. The area is characterized by recurrent droughts that condition the cultivation of millet, sorghum, peanuts, primary resources for livelihood and a staple diet. In the absence of storage facilities, families are forced to sell most of the cereals they produce at the time of the harvest, when prices on the local market are lowest. Profiting from this are the traders who purchase stocks in great quantities to then sell them in periods of shortage, at maximum prices.

        Cereal Banks were created to solve these problems, a system that enables to improve storing of agricultural products to then trade these in more advantageous periods. Every year, in fact, towards the end of the dry season (June/July), when there is a shortage of cereals on the local markets and their price is no longer accessible to families, the CB funds the launch of the new agricultural campaign through a loan "in kind", that is in sacks of cereals. With the "loan" received, farmers can feed their families while cultivating their land. The CRs are the result of many years experience gained by local actors connected to the Catholic Church in Mongo, in particular in the person of Father Franco Martellozzo who first experimented this model in 1984 and which was developed in the course of the years until the constitution in 2011 of the Regional Federation of Cereal Banks.


         

        OBJECTIVES

        • To guarantee a stable food security to the communities of the villages involved in the Region of Guéra (Chad), improving their production capacity, organization and management of vulnerability to food shock.
        • Consolidate the model of Regional Federation of Cereal Banks (CB) of Guéra strengthening the organizational, logistic and infrastructural effectiveness.

         

        ACTIVITIES

        • Strengthening of the institutional structure of the Regional Federation of Cereal Banks and its recognition by the communities.
        • Accrediting of the Federation of CBs with the local institutions and international organisms.
        • Training at various levels of the members of the Cereal Banks (Management Committees, administrative staff, etc.).
        • Introduction of a Data Base and of a Territorial Information System for mapping and monitoring the CRs.
        • Construction of storage centres in the villages of the region of Guéra not covered by the service or not in proximity of an existing CB.
        • Purchase and distribution of sacks of cereals to the families involved in the circuit of the cereal banks.
        • Construction of new storehouses in masonry.
        • Training of farmers according to the approach of the Farmer Field School based on the integration of concepts and methods connected to agro-ecology, to the experiential learning and development of the communities.

         

        IMPACT

        Direct beneficiaries

        • 80,000 farmers adhering to Cereal Banks;
        • 1,300 members of Management Committees;
        • 434 CB organizers (2 organizers for each of the 217 federated CBs)

        Indirect beneficiaries:
        31,300 rural families for a total of 156,000 people and in general, the inhabitants of Guéra, who will benefit from the service offered by the CBs in the villages involved and from the dissemination of improved agricultural practices, the increase of productivity and the consequent repercussions on the local economy.

         


        PROGRAM SUMMARY

        Total value:

        1.550.747 €

        Principal funder:

        FAI – Fondation Assistance Internationale

        Principal partner:

        A.U.R.A. (Association - Union - Réflexion - Action) - associazione Caritas della diocesi di Mongo

        Other partners:

        Università Cattolica di Milano (University Cattolica of Milan)
        AURA Italia

         


         

        Beyond the project


        >>> Cereals Banks, a market-based effective model for development and food security for rural population in Chad


        Article Count:
        1
    • Congo

      Democratic Republic of Congo

      congo


      ACRA centre

       

      c/o Isco

      283 Avenue des Tropiques

      Limete Residentiel Kinshasa RDC


       

      FACTSHEET

       

      Capital: Kinshasa

      Area: 2.344.885 km²

      Popolation: 73.599.190

      bandiera-repubblica-democratica-del-congo

      The Democratic Republic of Congo is a densely populated country, home to various hundred ethnic groups. The territory consists mainly of plains, with vast areas of lowlands and marshes. The mountain areas are not too high with the exception of Mount Ruwenzori (5,119 m). Apart from the highland areas, the country's climate is hot-humid.


      The economy is principally based on the primary sector (agriculture and mining). The country possesses immense natural resources yet Congo has the lowest GDP per capita in the world. In 2009, following international investments in sectors like mineral extraction, agriculture, the restoration of power stations on the Congo river and the construction of infrastructures with the aid of the Chinese, Congo has seen an increase in its GDP of 12.1%, the highest in the world in 2009.


      The ACRA Foundation has been operating in the Democratic Republic of Congo since 2012 with a project in support of the right of access to water which includes the construction and management of water supply systems in the province of Bandundu, in the territories of Popokabaka and Kinshasa.


      CURRENT PROJECTS

      >>> Water and nutrition


      DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS

      Human Development Index
      on 187 countries in the worlds*
      187th position Urban population* 35%
      Average age** 17,4 years
      - 17,2 men
      - 17,6 women
      Per Capita Income (PPP)* $ 280
      ($ 0,7 a day)
      Population living under the
      poverty line**
      71% Life expectancy at birth* 55,7 years
      Under 5 mortality* 199/1000 HIV prevalence in adults** n.p.
      Children under 5 who are underweight for their age** 28,2% Unemployment rate** n.d.
      Workforce occupation** 80% agricolture
      20% industriy e services
      Literacy rate** 66,8 %
      - 76,9% men
      - 57% women
      Population with access to drinking water*** 45%
      - 79% urban
      - 27% rural
      Population without access to sanitation*** 9%
      - 1% urban
      - 13% rural
      * Source UNDP
      ** Source CIA
      *** Source UNICEF and World Health Organization Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation 2012   
      Article Count:
      1
    • Senegal

      senegal

      senegal


      ACRA centre

       

      Dakar Office
      Sicap Quartier Sacre Cœur II
      Villa N° 8613 E
      BP 21000 Ponty, Dakar
      tel. +221 33 827 64 13

      Ziguinchor Office
      Villa N° 410
      Quartier Goumel, Ziguinchor
      tel. +221 33 991 35 26

       

      Bignona Office
      Quartier Tenghory Transgambienne
      Lot 49, en face CBAO, Bignona
      tel. +221 33 994 05 62


       

      FACTSHEET

       

      Capital: Dakar

      Area: 196.722 Km2
      Populatione: 12.969.606

      bandiera-senegal

      Senegal is a presidential Republic with a prevalently flat territory, with the exception of some mountain areas of volcanic origin which form the peninsula of Cap Vert. The climate is warm and tropical, with a dry season and a rainy one. The north eastern region is at high risk of drought.


      Senegal is one of the poorest countries in the world, but due to its political and social stability, its economy is more developed compared to its neighbouring countries and receives considerable investments in foreign capital, above all French. The main industries are food and textiles; the chemical, mechanical and shoe industries are growing. Recently important oilfields were discovered.

       

      ACRA has been present in Senegal since 1984, in 9 regions of the country's 14 (Dakar, Diourbel, Fatick, Kaffrine, Kèdougou, Kaolack, Kolda, Louga, Matam, Saint Louis, Sèdhiou, Tambacounda, Thiès. Ziguinchor) where it operates in different sectors: micro finance, water supply infrastructures and corresponding promotion and development of committees at community level for the participatory management of the said infrastructures, agro-biodiversity/food security, traditional medicine, education.


      CURRENT PROJECTS

      >>> Senegal water program: one home, one tap

      >>> Sanitation in Bignona


      COMPLETED PROJECTS

      >>> Energy and innovation

      >>> Fondazioni4Africa
      >>> Four municipalities join against waste


      DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS

      Human Development Index
      on 187 countries in the worlds*
      155th position Urban population* 42 %
      Average age* 18 years
      - 17,2 men
      - 18,9 women
      Per Capita Income (PPP)* $ 1.708
      ($ 4,67 a day)
      Population living under the
      poverty line**
      54% Life expectancy at birth* 60,1 yeras
      Under 5 mortality* 93/1000 HIV prevalence in adults** 0,9%
      Children under 5 who are underweight for their age** 14,5% Unemployment rate** 48%
      Workforce occupation** 77,5% agricolture
      22,5% industry e services
      Literacy rate** 39,3 %
      - 51,1% men
      - 29,2% women
      Population with access to drinking water*** 73%
      - 93% urban
      - 59% rural
      Population without access to sanitation*** 52%
      - 70% urban
      - 39% rural
      * Source UNDP
      ** Source CIA
      *** Source UNICEF and World Health Organization Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation 2012   
      Article Count:
      5
    • Tanzania

      tanzania

      tanzania


      ACRA centre

       

      Dar Es Salaam Office
      Plot no. 1260 Block C, Meru Street
      Mikocheni "B"
      P.O. Box 12435
      Dar Es Salaam

       

      Iringa Office
      Lugalo Area, Plot 197, Block 1B
      P.O. Box 1348, Wilolesi, Iringa, Tanzania

       

      Lugarawa Office
      c/o Ngongano
      P.O. BOX 807
      Lugarawa, Njombe Region
      tel. +255 766 736 225

       

      Zanzibar Office
      PO Box 3067, Vuga plot 525
      Shangani - Stone Town
      Zanzibar
      tel. +225 773 152107


       

      FACTSHEET

       

      Capital: Dodoma

      Area: 945.080 km2
      Population: 43.601.796

      bandiera-tanzania

      Tanzania is a presidential republic that enjoys a substantial political stability and whose national economy depends principally on the exploitation of its natural resources. The country presents a large geological variety that restricts the territory's surface for agricultural use to just 4% in spite of agriculture representing 60% of the GDP.


      Tourism represents an important source of income in various areas of the country, particularly in the Zanzibar archipelago and in the areas adjacent to the game parks (which occupy 4.5% of the country's territory).


      ACRA has been operating in Tanzania, in particular in the Njombe area and in the Zanzibar archipelago in partnership with associations, local authorities and state-controlled agencies in the development of infrastructures and capacity building of those deputed to their management. The priority interventions are within the framework of access and sustainable management of natural resources (in particular of water), improvement of access to renewable energy and development of economic opportunities for the most vulnerable and marginalized segments of the country's rural populations.


      CURRENT PROJECTS

      >>> Energy Program - second phase

      >>> USAFI Iringa
      >>> Stone Town, a Heritage to save

      COMPLETED PROJECTS

      >>> Energy Program - first phase

      >>> The aqueduct goes to the village

      >>> Going to school is a... social enterprise
      >>> Tourism against Poverty

      >>> WASH in Schools in Zanzibar


      DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS

      Human Development Index
      on 187 countries in the worlds*
      152th position Urban population* 26%
      Average age** 18,5 years
      - 18,2 men
      - 18,7 women
      Per Capita Income (PPP)* $ 1.328
      ($ 3,63 a day)
      Population living under the
      poverty line**
      36% Life expectancy at birth* 53,1 years
      Under 5 mortality* 108/1000 HIV prevalence in adults** 5,6%
      Children under 5 who are underweight for their age** 16,7% Unemployment rate** n.d.
      Workforce occupation** 80% agricolture
      20% industry e services
      Literacy rate** 69,4%
      - 77,5% men
      - 62,2% women
      Population with access to drinking water*** 53%
      - 79% urban
      - 44% rural
      Population without access to sanitation*** 12%
      - 2% urban
      - 16% rural
      * Source UNDP
      ** Source CIA
      *** Source UNICEF and World Health Organization Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation 2012   
      Article Count:
      6
      • Going to School is a...

        Going to school is a... social enterprise

         

        icona educazionepolitecnicoNjombe training school: a social enterprise to guarantee quality education to boys and girls living in rural areas of the region of Njombe, Tanzania

         

        WHERE

        Tanzania, Region of Iringa, Njombe

         

        DURATION

        Starting from 2010

         

        CONTEXT

        For young Tanzanians from the more disadvantaged social segments, education is almost always an unreachable dream because of the elevated costs, lack of structures and infrastructures and the presence of other cultural issues (gender disparity, underestimation of the educational role of parents, etc.). These conditions are particularly accentuated in the rural areas.
        To respond to this problem ACRA has established its first social enterprise in Tanzania, Education & Entrepreneurship Ltd, a non profit organization according to Tanzanian law . E&E has launched the management of the "Njombe training school" whose beneficiaries are low income young people living in the rural areas. These young boys and girls must have attended at least 7 years of primary school and be of 14 to 19 years of age.
        The issues a legally recognized diploma and offers vocational/business training, centred on the construction sector (carpentry, masonry, electrotechnics and plumbing), agriculture (market gardening, cultivation of cereals, livestock breeding and aquaculture) and tourism (catering, hotel activities).


         

        THE MODEL

        To implement this project, ACRA studied different vocational training models and opted for, after a visit to Paraguay and various comparisons, for the model of the "self sufficient training school" developed by the Fundacion Paraguaya. The main objective of the Fundacion Paraguaya is to develop innovative solutions to contrast poverty and promote youth employment.
        The key component for this model is represented by an innovative methodology based on the constitution of micro-businesses, managed by students and teachers. These "enterprises" serve as a learning platform for students who thus have the opportunity to put into practice the skills achieved in school and which, once they have qualified, will have the necessary competences to find a good job, to start a business activity or to improve the family run farming activities.
        At the same time, the proceeds obtained from the sale of the goods and services provided by these micro businesses on the local market will enable to cover all running costs (including amortisation), ensuring thus their long term economic-financial sustainability, without having to depend on public subsidies or having to raise the cost of the fees, which is merely symbolic.


         

        Social IMPACT expected

        The first academic year started in March 2012 with the enrolment of 70 students. This number will increase progressively on the basis of the construction of the facilities and infrastructures which are still to be completed. The school at full capacity will train 250 students respecting gender equality.
        After they receive their diploma, the students with the skills gained, can improve the economic conditions of their families, increasing the possibility for their brothers and sisters to attend the school, not limiting their education to primary level and thus avoiding the entrance into the job market at menial levels. This model of market oriented education will give the qualified students the competences to:

        • find a good job in the modern agriculture and crafts sector;
        • return to the family and start their own farming or handicrafts enterprise with a proper business plan ;
        • spread their competence as agents of change in the rural sector, promoters of microcredit or technicians in other vocational schools;
        • continue their education at higher levels.

        The initiative also has positive repercussions on the entire territory of Njombe, through the provision of high quality products and services. The specialist skills gained by the young boys and girls during the training period will also contribute to guarantee the presence of qualified personnel that can respond to the growing demand, deriving from the recent development of the productive fabric of the area.


         

        SUSTAINABILITY

        In general terms the sustainability is guaranteed by the model's approach which plans the achievement of breaking even by the fifth year of activities and the much sought after emancipation from the logic of continued subsidies. The direct management provided by ACRA together with the continued support by Fundacion Paraguaya will provide guidance in the path towards operative, economic and financial sustainability.
        The theory and practice learning activities will gradually guarantee the economic sustainability of the initiative on two fronts:

        • by placing the products/services provided by the different sectors on the local market;
        • by using part of the production for self consumption guaranteeing proper nutrition to the members of the school community and reducing dependency on the external market.

        Environmental sustainability is pursued through the research within the school of a responsible consumption and use of local resources. The school will promote the spreading and adoption of organic agriculture as a model that is respectful of the environment and of people, through the theoretic and practical teaching inherent to the agriculture department and through the sensitization of the local consumer.


         

        PROGRAM SUMMARY
        The total cost to reach the full operation of the school is estimated at € 635,870.
        The financial projections indicate that by the 5th year of the School shall completely cover its operating costs and become financially independent.

        Governance:
        The management model school is set up as a social enterprise.
        Education & Entrepreneurship Ltd. (E&E), that manage the school, is composed of five members:

        • ACRA
        • Nessuno Escluso (italian non profit association)
        • Africa Ways Ltd (tanzanian organization that deals with rural development and environmental)
        • Libra (italian social cooperative that has built the School of Njombe)
        • Diocese of Njombe (local partner of ACRA and the owner of the goods entrusted loan ten-year to E&E)

         

        E&E is a company incorporated in Tanzania officially registered on 20/10/2011 with No. 86629 as "Company limited by Guarantee". The members are not shareholders but memberships and bylaws of the company is clearly marked as non-profit vocation. Any benefits must be reinvested in the activities of the company itself or in social activities.

         

        Beyond the project


        >>> Education & Entrepreneurship Ltd, an innovative market-based learning model for young entrepreneurs in Tanzania

        Article Count:
        1
      • Energy Program - first phase

        Energy Program

         

        ico ambiente internaimpiantoSustainable Community Based Rural Electrification through Hydro-power supply in 7 villages of Ludewa District, Tanzania

         

        WHERE

        Tanzania, Region of Njombe, District of Ludewa, basin of the river Kisongo, Municipality of Mawengi, Madunda, Lupande, Kiwe, Mapogoro, Milo, Mavala, Mdete, Lufumbo, Mlangali.

        DURATION

        From 2006 to 2014

         

        CONTEXT

        In spite of the abundance of natural resources and a good production potential in the area of intervention (water, fertile soils, forests, favourable climate), factors like the absence of electricity, the adoption of environmentally aggressive farming practices (cut and burn), the scarse diversification and quality of the products, the limited access to the market and a low quality of public education represent the main barriers impeding social economic development of the area.

        In 2006 ACRA, in partnership with the Tanzanian NGO NDO, the communities and local institutions implemented an integrated development program centred on the provision of renewable energies. The intervention also provides complementary activities to rural electrification, in particular in agriculture, protection of forests, water resource management, business development and education, with the aim to maximize the benefits of access to energy and sustainability of the service.

        The program developed along various phases and was funded by various donors amongst which the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Lombard Region, the European Commission, the Rural Energy Agency (Tanzania) and private funds raised in partnership with Intervita Onlus.


         

        OBJECTIVES

        The program develops in various areas adopting a participatory and integrated approach for the purpose of:

        • providing sustainable access to energy for 20,000 people in the district of Ludewa;
        • favour the socio-economic development of the rural communities Kisongo river basin;
        • promote the sustainable management of natural resources;
        • strengthen synergies between the different sectors of intervention and guarantee an effective response to the needs of the local stakeholders.

         

        ACTIVITIES

        • construction of a hydroelectric plant for the production of 300kW power and its distribution to 9 villages (1,400 connections including schools, health centres and public offices);
        • constitution of LUMAMA, community association responsible for the service and owner of the infrastructures; capacity building of members and staff employed;
        • reforestation of 250 hectares of land at risk of erosion in the catchment basin that feeds the system;
        • support to groups of local farmers for the startup of 18 demonstration farms for the sustainable production of avocado, pyrethrum, sunflowers and coffee;
        • support to 20 enterprises in the adoption of electric equipment for the transformation of agroforestry products and improvement of the quality of products for an improved access to the market;
        • rehabilitation and connection to the electric grid of 3 water supply systems;
        • rehabilitation of 13 classes in the primary schools of the area and refresher courses for the teaching staff.

         

        IMPACT

        Direct beneficiaries:

        • 4,360 students of 13 primary schools;
        • 823 children of 13 pre-schools;
        • 117 teachers of 13 primary schools 13 teachers of 13 preschools;
        • the members, staff and board of LUMAMA for a total of 1,400 people;
        • 138 members of the groups of farmers supported;
        • 1,174 families connected to the electric grid ( 5,870 people);
        • businesses connected to the electric grid: 59 production enterprises; 167 commercial enterprises;
        • 33 public services facilities connected to the grid (schools, dispensaries, hospitals and public offices).

        Indirect beneficiaries:

        • the population of the target villages for a total of 22,000 people;
        • the population of the target villages involved in the farming and forestry activities for a total of 12,000 people.

         

        SUSTAINABILITY

        The program focuses on the construction of a hydroelectric plant owned and managed by LUMAMA community based association with the support of ACRA. The intervention also supports the local institutions with regard to the territorial planning in the villages and the constitution of a committee for the integrated management of water resources of the basin. The initiative also assists groups of local farmers and entrepreneurs in the sustainable development of the agroforestry supply chain and the improvement of the transformation of products principally thanks to access to electric energy, provision of market information and technical and financial support. Access to electric energy enables also the connection to the plant of the existing water supply systems in the area for access to water all year round. Finally, the activities for the improvement of quality primary education are finalized at a long term sustainability of the initiative.
        Amongst the other program impact and sustainability indicators, the most relevant are:

        • 50% reduction in the cost of milling maize in the project area;
        • reduction in erosion of soil and solid material transported in suspension by the Kisongo;
        • 50% increase in income deriving from farming activities for the families supported by the intervention;
        • 100% of costs for maintenance operation of the plants are covered by LUMAMA revenue;
        • LUMAMA is able to maintain the infrastructure and run the service efficiently and independently.

         

        PROGRAM SUMMARY
        Total value:
        • 2.690.041 € project 7757/ACRA/TZA co-funded by MAE - 2005-2009
        • 889.134,00 € project 5PA07b co-funded by Region of Lombardy – 2007-2009
        • 541.034 € project privately funded thanks to the partner Intervita Onlus – 2009-2011
        • 1.380.000 € project privately funded thanks to the partner Intervita Onlus – 2011-2014
        • 1.834.106 € project FED/2011/266-812 co-funded by UE – 2011-2014
        • 413.950 € (approximately 517.000 USD) funded by REA - Rural Energy Agency (Tanzania) - 2012 - 2013 

        Main donor:

        mae Ministero degli Affari Esteri (MAE), Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

         

        ue European Commission

         

        intervita Intervita Onlus

         

        rea  REA - Rural Energy Agency (Tanzania)

         

         

        Ministry of Energy and Mineral (Tanzania)

         

        Region of Lombardy

         

        Partner:

        • CAST
        • Njombe Development Office – NDO
        • LUMAMA Electricity Association
        • SHIPO – Southern Highlands Participatory Organization
        • INTERVITA Onlus

         

        Beyond the project


        >>> Lumama, a community-based social enterprise providing hydroelectric energy in Tanzania

        >>> Watch "Energy Program" documentary produced in Tanzania

        >>> Read program brochure


        Article Count:
        1
    • Bolivia

      Bolivia

      bolivia


      ACRA centre

       

      Calle Victor Sanjinéz 2722
      Sopocachi - La Paz,
      Bolivia
      tel. +591 2-2911171
      Fax + 591 2-2911174

       

      FACTSHEET

       

      Capital: Sucre / La Paz

      Area: 1.098.580 Km²

      Population: 10.969.649

      Languages: the official languages are Spanish and those of the 36 original nationalities; amongst these are Aymará and Quechua

      Religions: Catholic 95%, protestant, minorities and animists

      bandiera-bolivia
      Bolivia stretches over areas of the Amazon forest, valleys and plateaux, rising up the Andes heights; consequently it has a variety of extreme climates (from 50° in Chaco to -25° on the Andes).

       

      Its main resources, historically, are linked to the subsurface: minerals and hydrocarbons. The country also has a considerable biodiversity, greater than the majority of countries; because of this wealth, the country has been, over time, subjected to irrational and unsustainable exploitation of its resources which have benefited few limited segments of the population.

       

      ACRA has been officially present in Bolivia since 1985 with projects in the areas of La Paz and Yungas, Cochabamba, Salaar de Uyuni and Pando. The main needs to which we try to respond mainly concern access to clean drinking water and management of natural resources, while trying to reduce the marginalization of local producers in accessing the market and promote their participation in the creation of added value in the production chain (lama, Amazon nuts, coffee, milk).

       

      Project partners of ACRA in Bolivia are essentially community based organizations (committees, union organizations), peasant economic organizations (OECAs), the municipalities. At different levels ACRA addresses and builds relations also with government bodies: ministers, superintendencies and other civil institutions.


      CURRENTS PROJECTS

      >>> 10 micro hydroelectric power plants

      COMPLETED PROJECTS

      >>> Campesinos unidos


      DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS

      Human Development Index
      on 187 countries in the worlds*
      108th position Urban population* 67%
      Average age** 22,5 years
      - 21,8 men
      - 23,2 women
      Per Capita Income (PPP)* $ 4.054
      ($ 11,10 a day)
      Population living under the
      poverty line**
      51,3% Life expectancy at birth* 67,9 years
      Under 5 mortality* 51/1000 HIV prevalence in adults** 0,2%
      Children under 5 who are underweight for their age** 4,3% Unemployment rate** 5,5%
      Workforce occupation** 32% agricolture
      20% industry
      48% services
      Literacy rate** 86,7%
      - 93,1% men
      - 80,7% women
      Population with access to drinking water*** 88%
      - 96% urban
      - 71% rural
      Population without access to sanitation*** 23%
      - 8% urban
      - 54% rural
      * Source UNDP
      ** Source CIA
      *** Source UNICEF and World Health Organization Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation 2012   
      Article Count:
      2
    • El Salvador

      el salvador

      elsalvador


      ACRA centre

       

      39 Avenida Norte,
      N° 934, Urbanización Universitaria
      San Salvador,
      El Salvador
      tel. +503 25646346

       

      FACTSHEET

       

      Capital: San Salvador

      Area: 21.041 km²
      Population: 6.227.491

      bandiera el salvador

      El Salvador is a presidential republic in Central America, it has the smallest territory and highest population density in the region. The civil war for years has afflicted the country and heavily affected the economy: presently it is based on agriculture and trade.


      The territory’s morphology is quite varied and presents mountain areas, a plateau and two volcanic chains, various lakes and rivers, plains and forests. The region of the plateaux is fertile, and very well cultivated; whereas the coastal areas have many lagoons.
      Agriculture is based on flourishing plantations of coffee, cotton, sugarcane, which represent the main produce. The majority of the land is concentrated in the hands of a few landowners whereas the industry is prevalently represented by transformation of agricultural products. The subsoil is quite poor, oil and natural gas are completely absent.

       

      ACRA started operating in the country in 2008, with a youth training project. The geographic areas in which ACRA has concentrated on from 2009 are the department of south Ahuachapan, in particular the area of the micro-region formed by the municipalities of Guaymango, Jujutla, San Pedro Puxla, San Francisco Menendez.

       

      The intervention main actions include: strengthening of citizenship and democratic participation; implementation and support to youth and women owned micro-enterprises; organization and support to local youth networks; guidance and support to government and local institutions in the implementation of national and local youth policies; management of environmental risk in situations of emergency.


      CURRENTS PROJECTS

      >>> Right to Water, Women's Rights

      COMPLETED PROJECTS

      >>> Youth networks


      DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS

      Human Development Index
      on 187 countries in the worlds*
      105th position Urban population* 64%
      Average age** 24,3 years
      - 22,9 men
      - 25,7 women
      Per Capita Income (PPP)* $ 5.925 ($ 16,23 a day)
      Population living under the
      poverty line**
      36,5% Life expectancy at birth* 73,69 years
      Under 5 mortality* 17/1000 HIV prevalence in adults** 0,8%
      Children under 5 who are underweight for their age** 6,1% Unemployment rate** 7%
      Workforce occupation** 27,6% agricolture
      18,8% industry
      53,6% servizi
      Literacy rate** 81,1%
      - 82,8% men
      - 79,6% women
      Population with access to drinking water*** 88%
      - 94% urban
      - 76% rural
      Population without access to sanitation*** 6%
      - 2% urban
      - 12% rural
      * Source UNDP
      ** Source CIA
      *** Source UNICEF and World Health Organization Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation 2012   
      Article Count:
      2
    • Ecuador

      ecuador

      ecuador


      ACRA centre

       

      Av. 9 de octubre N29-06 y Mariano Acosta
      Ed. 9 de Octubre, segundo piso, Oficina 201
      Quito, Ecuador
      tel. + 593 2 2522843

       

      FACTSHEET

       

      Capital: Quito

      Area: 283.560 km2
      Population: 14.666.055

      bandiera-ecuador

      Ecuador is quite small compared to the other countries of the region; nevertheless it contains an incredible diversity of ecosystems and endemic species. Its populations, composed of mestizos, natives, whites and Afro-Ecuadorians, characterizes it as a multiethnic and multi-nationality country, a definition acknowledged in its own Constitution and approved through referendum in 2008 and in force from 2009.


      The nation is rich in mineral resources, especially oil, the extraction of which advanced slowly over the years and without substantial benefit to the population that lives in conditions of poverty and hardship. The country has undergone an incredible transformation in recent years, passing from an economy based prevalently on trade of raw materials to a modern and diversified economy including activities of the highest technological and industrial level like the information technology industry.


      ACRA began its activities in Ecuador in 1998, in support of small projects for association trade in the rural areas of the country, consolidating local financial markets, supporting production and commercialization processes and promoting a sustainable and participatory management of natural resources, in particular water, taking active part in the relative constitutional process.


      CURRENT PROJECTS

      >>> Fair Cocoa

      >>> GIRS: Integrated Sustainable Waste Management

      COMPLETED PROJECTS

      >>> Amazonia: stop the garbage
      >>> Remittances for development
      >>> Tourism against Poverty


      DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS

      Human Development Index
      on 187 countries in the worlds*
      83th position Urban population* 67%
      Average age** 25,7 years
      - 25 men
      - 26,3 omen
      Per Capita Income (PPP)* $ 7.589
      ($ 20,79 a day)
      Population living under the
      poverty line**
      28,6% Life expectancy at birth* 75,9 years
      Under 5 mortality* 24/1000 HIV prevalence in adults** 0,4%
      Children under 5 who are underweight for their age** 6,2% Unemployment rate** 4,2%
      Workforce occupation** 27,6% agricolture
      18,8% industry
      53,6% services
      Literacy rate** 91%
      - 92,3% men
      - 89,7% women
      Population with access to drinking wate*** 94%
      - 96% urban
      - 89% rural
      Population without access to sanitation*** 5%
      - 1% urban
      - 12% rural
      * Source UNDP
      ** Source CIA
      *** Source UNICEF and World Health Organization Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation 2012   
      Article Count:
      4
      • Fair Cocoa

        fair cocoa

         

        ico cibo internaecucao SUSTAINABLE PRODUCTION OF COCOA IN ECUADOR – ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT AND PARTICIPATION OF WOMEN IN THE INTEGRATED VALUE CHAIN OF FINE AROMATIC BIOLOGICAL COCOA, IN THE PROVINCE OF ESMERALDAS, ECUADOR

         

        where

        Ecuador, Province of Esmeraldas

        DURATION

        From March 1, 2015 to February 28, 2018

         

        CONTEXT

        Despite being the world's leading manufacturer of high-quality fine aromatic cocoa – and ranked among upper-middle income countries - Ecuador shows a strong inequity in the distribution of wealth and resources. The province of Esmeraldas is characterized by strong social inequalities and ethnic and cultural discrimination, with poverty rates that are among the highest of the country. The production of fine aromatic cocoa - the main local agricultural cultivation - has shown an extremely low return.

        It also lacks the value added that could potentially arise from the high quality of raw material. In addition, a significant organizational weakness emerges among the producers., together with a clear inability to "network". The project, therefore, aims, on the one side, to strengthen the entire value chain of fine cocoa in Esmeraldas and, on the other to facilitate the biological certification process as well as the product promotion on the domestic and international market. Thanks to the technical assistance provided to producers in the cultivation, post-harvest and commercialization processes, rural and local micro-entrepreneurial ventures (including social enterprises) may develop and grow. This approach will also lead to the creation of synergies with the private sector and with the fair trade network. A key role will be played by women at every stage of the production chain. Moreover, the project foresees an interaction with the local government, to support the drafting and the adoption of a regional law of economic inclusion of women

         


         

        Objectives

        • Promotion of an integrated value chain of fine organic aromatic cocoa, certified under fair trade standards for producers of Esmeraldas, based on Gender Equality and Women Empowerment (GEWE) and environmental sustainability.

         

        Activities

        • Zoning of agricultural land, reforestation of degraded areas, establishment of nurseries for the production of native species, establishment of agro-forestry parcels involving the use of biological control techniques;
        • Trainings to provide technical assistance to cocoa producers;
        • Programs of biological soil fertilization and genetic improvement of fine cocoa of Esmeraldas;
        • Agro-ecological education campaign for producers;
        • Training and technical assistance on post-harvest processes (fermentation, drying, parcels preparation);
        • Preparation of a manual on production flows and a related training for its use;
        • Training on costing and pricing for associations of producers, manufacturers and the social enterprise ProducOrganic;
        • Training on fair trade principles and values;
        • Introduction of a new sustainable management model of MPCFAE - Mesa Provincial del Cacao Fino de Aroma de Esmeraldas (Provincial Board of Fine Aromatic Cocoa of Esmeraldas);
        • Development of a system origin designation of aromatic cocoa of Esmeraldas;
        • Creation and implementation of a communication and marketing strategy;
        • Participation in Expo 2015 and international fairs;
        • Feasibility study, launch and equipment of ProducOrgani, a social enterprise for the transformation of cocoa beans;
        • Support for the drafting of a Regional Law of Economic Inclusion of Women; organization of events on "gender", in collaboration with the Mesa de Género Region of Esmeraldas (GEWE); creation of a Commission of Gender at the Provincial Board of Fine Aromatic Cocoa.
        • Implementation of gender strategies in cocoa producers’ organization of the province.

         

        IMPACT

        Direct Beneficiaries:
        2,188 families of cocoa farmers, including approximately 10,940 people. Half of the beneficiaries are women, who are members of grassroots associations represented at the Mesa Provincial de Cacao. The population is very young (50% under 20 years of age) and of mixed ethnic origin, Afro-Ecuadorian and indigenous.

        Indirect Beneficiaries:
        5,110 families (25,550 people): business partners (suppliers) of associations connected to the Mesa Provincial, which will benefit from the creation of the value added in the production chain.


         

        SUSTAINABILITY

        From a financial point of view, the sale of certified cocoa and cocoa paste will generate revenues 25% higher than just beans. The strengthening of trade relations with Italian stakeholders will allow the commercial viability of the supply chain. This intervention will enable to meet the growing demand for cocoa in the world market as well as the expansion of fair trade. The direct involvement of local institutions in the project, such as the Decentralized Autonomous Government of the Province of Esmeraldas, will secure political-institutional sustainability in accordance with regional public policies and strategies.

        In addition, the project includes the creation of legislative acts (Regional Law of Gender Equality) and inter-institutional frameworks (Working Table on Gender and Cocoa). Finally, the project will have a strong environmental impact: the cultivation of cocoa is organic and the reforested areas will secure the protection of soils and sources


         

        PROJECT SUMMARY

        Total Value::
        1.272.152  €

         

        Main Donor:


        mae Ministero degli Affari Esteri - Cooperazione Italiana

        Partner:
        GADPE - Governo Autonomo Decentrato della Regione di Esmeraldas
        CEFODI - Corporazione di Esmeraldas per la Formazione e lo Sviluppo Locale
        UOPROCAE - Unione delle Organizzazioni di Produttori di Cacao a Nord di Esmeraldas

        Other organizations:
        Ctm Altromercato
        Domori S.r.l.

         

        BEYOND THE PROJECT


        >>> More info about Cocoa Inclusive Business in Ecuador

        >>> Check out pictures and infographics of the Fair Cocoa project in Ecuador

        >>> Look at the project brochure


         

        Article Count:
        1
    • Nicaragua

      nicaragua

      nicaragua


      ACRA centre

       

      Reparto San Juan, de la UNIVAL 1/2c Al Sur,

      Casa N° 523
      Calle El Carmen, Managua,
      Nicaragua
      tel. +505 22774676

       

      FACTSHEET

       

      Capital: Managua

      Area: 130.668 km2
      Population: 5.869.859

      bandiera-nicaragua

      Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America in territorial extension, but has less than 6 million inhabitants. Known as the country of lakes and volcanoes, Nicaragua is in fact a large depression that geologically connects North and South America. It is thus a biological and anthropological bridge between two subcontinents.


      The population is mainly of European origin or mestizo and the ethnic groups represent 8.6% of the total population. Though it has a variety of natural and cultural resources, the management and protection of these resources is lacking. The country's economy is based principally on export of agricultural products (coffee, sugar, peanuts, tobacco) and on cattle rearing. In recent years tourism and fishing have developed considerably.


      ACRA has been operating in Nicaragua since 1986. In the first years its activities were confined to the provinces of León and Managua, in the western region of the country and substantially the activities were connected with training in agriculture and livestock, and with transport. In 1992 activities were extended to the region of Río S. Juan, in the southwest of the country, involving the sustainable management of natural resources of the wet tropics (agro-ecology, forestation, ecotourism, small scale fishing).


      CURRENT PROJECTS

      >>> Water and governance

      COMPLETED PROJECTS

      >>> The 4Rs of Chinandega

      DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS

      Human Development Index
      on 187 countries in the worlds*
      129th position Urban population* 57%
      Average age** 22,9 years
      - 22,1 men
      - 23,7 women
      Per Capita Income (PPP)* $ 2.430
      ($ 6,65 a day)
      Population living under the
      poverty line**
      46,2% Life expectancy at birth* 72,1 years
      Under 5 mortality* 26/1000 HIV prevalence in adults** 0,2%
      Children under 5 who are underweight for their age** 4,3% Unemployment rate** 7,3%
      Workforce occupation** 28% agricolture
      19% industry
      53% services
      Literacy rate** 67,5%
      - 67,2% men
      - 67,8% women
      Population with access to drinking water*** 85%
      - 98% urban
      - 68% rural
      Population without access to sanitation*** 11%
      - 4% urban
      - 20% rural
      * Source UNDP
      ** Source CIA
      *** Source UNICEF and World Health Organization Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation 2012   
      Article Count:
      1
    • Honduras

      Honduras

      honduras


      ACRA centre

       

      Entrada Principal de Marcala
      Ciudad Nueva
      Marcala, La Paz
      Honduras
      tel. + 504 27644107

       

      FACTSHEET

       

      Capital: Tegucigalpa

      Area: 112.492 Km2
      Population: 7.754.687

      bandiera-honduras

      Honduras is a democratic constitutional Republic and the third poorest country in Latin America after Haiti and Nicaragua. More than 80% of Honduran territory is mountainous and hosts an important biodiversity of flora and fauna. The climate is subtropical in the plains and temperate in the mountainous areas. The country is particularly vulnerable to natural disasters like earthquakes, hurricanes and flooding, especially along the Atlantic coast.


      The country's economy depends prevalently on agriculture (bananas, coffee, sugar and corn) and livestock.
      Other important sectors are fish farming, textiles and the mining sector. The main issues in this environment are the uncontrolled expansion of urban populations and deforestation. Economic growth remains highly dependent on the US economy. The remittances represent more than a fourth of the GDP and almost three fourths of exports.


      ACRA has been operating in the country since 2008, with the implementation of three Food and Nutritional Security projects in the municipalities of Yarula, Santa Elena and Marcala, that have a human development index far lower than the national average.


      The strategic directions of intervention adopted by ACRA in the area are, firstly, aimed at improving the drinking water supply through the construction of infrastructures to improve quality, availability and access. Secondly they aim to strengthen the integrated management of natural resources by local actors, also through communication campaigns that stress the importance of the protection of the environment.


      CURRENT PROJECTS

      >>> Community Forestry

      COMPLETED PROJECTS

      >>> Water and governance


      DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS

      Human Development Index
      on 187 countries in the worlds*
      121th position Urban population* 52%
      Average age** 21 years
      - 20,6 men
      - 21,4 women
      Per Capita Income (PPP)* $ 3.443
      ($ 9,4 a day)
      Population living under the
      poverty line**
      65% Life expectancy at birth* 70,7 years
      Under 5 mortality* 30/1000 HIV prevalence in adults** 0,8%
      Children under 5 who are underweight for their age** 8,6% Unemployment rate** 4,8%
      Workforce occupation** 39,2% agricolture
      20,9% industry
      39,8% services
      Literacy rate** 80%
      - 79,8% men
      - 80,2% women
      Population with access to drinking water*** 87%
      - 95% urban
      - 79% rural
      Population without access to sanitation*** 9%
      - 1% urban
      - 17% rural
      * Source UNDP
      ** Source CIA
      *** Source UNICEF and World Health Organization Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation 2012   
      Article Count:
      2
    • Mozambique

      Mozambique

      mozambico


      ACRA centre

       

      Avenida Samuel Magaia 1566
      Maputo
      mob. + 258 823 041 510

       

      FACTSHEET

       

      Capital: Maputo

      Area: 799.380 Km²

      Population: 23.049.621

      bandiera Mozambique

      Situated in eastern Africa, Mozambique is a multi-party presidential republic from 1990. A former Portuguese colony, it gained independence in 1975; the country was pacified with the treaty of Rome in 1992, after a long civil war that shed many casualties and devastated the economy during the '80s.


      The climate is tropical with monsoonal influence.
      The current political stability, low crime rate, an economic system open to the market, have created a favourable environment to foreign investment and consequently a good economic growth rate. However, in the Human Development Index 2012 rating, Mozambique occupies the 184th position out of 187 countries. The wealth produced is concentrated in the hands of few, the country is strongly indebted and it is estimated that about two thirds of the population live in conditions of food insecurity.


      The population is afflicted also by problems related to an inefficient healthcare service and an inadequate education system, a high HIV and malaria prevalence, as well as a large gap between the urban and rural areas.


      ACRA works in Mozambique since 2014 with a program that combines the distribution of basic sanitation by developing social entrepreneurship.


      CURRENT PROJECTS

      >>> The Sanitation chain


      DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS

      Human Development Index
      on 187 countries in the worlds*
      184th position Urban population* 38%
      Average age** 16,8 years
      - 16,2 men
      - 17,5 women
      Per Capita Income (PPP)* $ 898
      ($ 2,46 a day)
      Population living under the
      poverty line**
      54% Life expectancy at birth* 52 years
      Under 5 mortality* 142/1000 HIV prevalence in adults** 11,5%
      Children under 5 who are underweight for their age** 21,2% Unemployment rate** 21%
      Workforce occupation** 81% agricolture
      6% industry
      13% services
      Literacy rate** 56,1%
      - 70,8% men
      - 42,8% women
      Population with access to drinking water*** 47%
      - 77% urban
      - 29% rural
      Population without access to sanitation*** 41%
      - 13% urban
      - 58% rural
             
      * Source UNDP
      ** Source CIA
      *** Source UNICEF and World Health Organization Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation 2012   
      Article Count:
      0
      • The Sanitation Chain

        the sanitation chain

         

        icona acqua bambineA sustainable sanitation chain: market solutions as an answer to problems concerning the access to sanitation in Maputo province, Mozambique

         

        WHERE

        Mozambique
        Maputo Province, Moamba and Marracuene Districts, Bairros Zimpeto place e Magoanine A, B e C of urban district n. 5, Maputo.

         

         

        DURATION

        From April 15th 2014 to April 14th 2017

         

        CONTEXT

        Mozambique, as other African countries, has to face the lack of sanitation that could guarantee appropriate sanitary conditions to the population. This project is characterized by a different approach on this particular problem: the aim is to provide slums with appropriate sanitation services, not only ditribuiting latrines to families, but also making a good use of the social entrepreneurs’ potential to the development of the country. The action connects supply and demand identifying on the one hand a fair price that allows poor people to buy toilettes, on the other hand stimulating the dissemination of small local businesses (for instance:activities of waste disposal, small enterprises that work with micro-finance. etc.)
        The last challenge is to built, together with Italian and Mozambiquan Universities, biodigesters to verify on the field which could be the best solutions to produce biogas and fertilizers.


         

        OBJECTIVES

        Overall objective:

        • Contribuite to the economic and environmental developmen, to the public healthcare of the intervention area and to improve the sustainability of the sanitation sector at a national level.

        Specific objective:

        • The poorest population of the cities of Moamba, Ressano Garcia, Marracuene and of the peri-urban aera of Maputo benefit from an increase in the access to santitation services, through a productive and sustainable economic chain.

         

        ACTIVITIES

        • Market analysis: supply and demand analysis in sanitation sector.
        • Construction of the social enterprise Sani Loja.
        • Creation of a fund to finance micro enterpreneurial activities in sanitation sector.
        • Technical and managerial training of local craftsmen and enterpreneurs in the costruction and management of clean up systems.
        • Activation of a National round table of the actors of “sanitation business”.
        • Creation of a dialogue between local enterpreneurs and authorities in order to estabilish a institutional environment that could encourage the development enterpreneurial experiences.
        • Improvement of managerial models of sanitation sistem in the local context.
        • Installation of family latrines according to SANI-SHOP model where production and selling are granteed through :a production centre that has 14 subordinate points of sale  (220 enterpreneurs connected in franchising).
        • Realization of public sanitation systems in city areas.
        • Realization of public sanitation systems in schools and production of biogas to supply power to school kitchens and fertilize fields.
        • Installation of water treatment systems and production of biogas and fertilizers.
        • Campaigns to promote personal and environmental hygine in communities and schools.
        • Promotion and commercialization of sanitation systems (sanitation marketing).

         

        IMPACT

        Direct beneficiaries:

        • 103.800 user of family and collective sanitation products and services of Sani Loja.
        • A social enterprise active in clean up services sector (including its employees and their families).
        • 250 micro-enterpreneurs and local craftsmen (builders, manufacterers, distributors, artisans) and satellites (and their families) active or to incubate,  o da incubare, services providers on a small scale. di servizi su piccola scala.
        • 500 institutional officers (100 Nationals e 400 Locals).
        • 19.500 students, teachers and staff of 30 schools.

        Indirect beneficiaries of the action are the 191.300 people living in different areas of the intervention.


         

        SUSTAINABILITY

        The identified market solutions and the social enterprises supported as country economy incubator are levers on which financial sustainability lean, they are the heart of the project. Business models promoted by the Sani Loja social enterprise – tanks to a system of affordable rates for poorer families – guarantee the profitability of the enterprise itself and a constant market demand. Furthermore, the social enterprise will accompany the enterpreneurs during the process of access to credit, in the creation of lasting relationships whith the local financial institutions and will strenghten their technical and managerial skills in the perspective of a long term sustainability. Being part of the framework of national and regional programs established by the government of Mozambique, the project will have a constant and lasting dialogue with local institutions. Moreover, as an action of ecological sanitation, in this project all the environmental aspects are important; among others, the experimental production of biogas and fertilizers through the treatment of faeces.

         


         

        PROJECT SUMMARY

        Total value:

        2.143.276,80  €

        Principal founder:

         mae Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Cooperation Italian

        Partners:

        World Toilet Organization/BOP HUB
        CeTamb - Research Centre on Appropriate Technologies for Environmental Management in Developing Countries – University of Brescia

         

        Other partners:

        ESTAMOS
        Eduardo Mondlane University , Faculty of Engineering
        Ministry of Public Works & Housing- Department of water supply and sanitation

         

        BEYOND THE PROJECT


        >>> Naiss, sanitation chain - a social enterprise working along the sanitation chain in Mozambique


         

        >>> For the health of children in Mozambique - SUPPORT THE CAMPAIGN
        Article Count:
        1
    • Zambia

      zambia

      zambia


      ACRA centre

       

      Plot 2140/2774, Airport Rd. Chipata
      Zambia
      tel. + 260 216 223 147

       

      FACTSHEET

       

      Capital: Lusaka

      Area: 752.614 km²

      Population: 11.000.000

      bandiera zambia

      Zambia is located in the central-southern part of Africa and is landlocked. The territory is prevalently tableland, that gradually descends towards south-west in the Zambesi basin. The climate is tropical. Independent since 1964, from 1991 it is a multi party presidential republic.


      In 2012 the country recorded an economic growth of 7.3% (World Bank data), a rate that places Zambia, which is rich in copper, amongst the economies with the most rapid growth in Sub-Saharan Africa. This growth, which has persisted in the past years, is represented in particular by the construction, transport and communications sector, without however translating this into an improvement in the quality of life of the populations.


      Zambia is still challenged by poverty, widespread especially amongst the rural communities, and the very high incidence of AIDS/HIV, that has decimated whole generations of young adults, leaving tens of thousands of children orphaned of one or both parents.


      ACRA has been operating in Zambia since 2003, supporting around thirty local communities in the rural area of Chipata, in the Eastern Province, along the border with Malawi. Through child sponsorship programs, we implement projects particularly targeted at children who live in conditions of extreme poverty, with the aim of supporting their access to quality education. We also support three community centres for mothers with AIDS/HIV, to prevent mother to child transmission of the virus, and for children who need special care because they are undernourished, sick or handicapped.


      CURRENT PROJECTS

      >>> Community School for primary education


      DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS

      Human Development Index
      on 187 countries in the worlds*
      164th position Urban population* 36%
      Average age** 16,5 years
      - 16,5 men
      - 16,6 women
      Per Capita Income (PPP)* $ 1.254
      ($ 3,43 a day)
      Population living under the
      poverty line**
      64% Life expectancy at birth* 52,5 years
      Under 5 mortality* 141/1000 HIV prevalence in adults** 13,5%
      Children under 5 who are underweight for their age** 14,9% Unemployment rate** 14%
      Workforce occupation** 85% agricolture
      6% industry
      9% services
      Literacy rate** 80,6%
      - 86,8% men
      - 74,8% women
      Population with access to drinking water*** 61%
      - 87% urban
      - 46% rural
      Population without access to sanitation*** 18%
      - 2% urban
      - 27% rural
            14%
      * Source UNDP
      ** Source CIA
      *** Source UNICEF and World Health Organization Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation 2012   
      Article Count:
      1
    • Cambodia

      Cambodia

      cambogia


      ACRA centre

       

      Room Number 691, Block H,

      “The Phnom Penh Center”
      Sothearos Blvd, Sangkat Tonle Bassac,

      Khan Chamkarmon, Phnom Penh
      mob: + 855 (0) 95 846 763

       

      FACTSHEET

       

      Capital: Phom Phen

      Area: 181.035 Km²

      Population: 14.952.665

       

      bandiera cambogia

      Cambodia is a country in the south-eastern region of Indochina, in correspondence with the Mekong basin and the lake depression of the Tonle Sap. Its climate is monsoonal. Independent since 1953, after the traumas inflicted by the Khmer Rouge regime which in the Seventies caused 3 million casualties, it returned to being a constitutional monarchy in 1993.

       

      Economy is based on agriculture and in the industrial and manufacturing sector. New growing sectors are tourism and exploitation of natural gas, although the recent improvements in GDP continue not to benefit the majority of the population, which is particularly vulnerable in rural areas.

       

      A high level of corruption, the frequent cases of land expropriation to the detriment of the populations, the systematic lack of protection of human rights (a very high rate of prostitution, also involving children), together with the inadequacy of the basic services like school and healthcare are amongst the main problems affecting the country and its inhabitants.

       

      Our organization has been operating in Cambodia since 2006. Through child sponsorship programs, we implement projects particularly targeted at children who live in conditions of poverty, with the purpose of providing quality education, at least until they complete primary school. We also organize intercultural activities complementary to teaching and contribute to the official registration of all children sponsored. We are present in the southern provinces of Sihanoukville, Kampot, Koh Kong and Kandal.

       


      CURRENT PROJECTS

      >>> Less plastic, more opportunities


      DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS

      Human Development Index
      on 187 countries in the worlds*
      139th position Urban population* 20%
      Average age** 23,3 years
      - 22,6 men
      - 24 womer
      Per Capita Income (PPP)* $ 1848
      ($ 5,06 a day)
      Population living under the
      poverty line**
      31% Life expectancy at birth* 63 years
      Under 5 mortality* 88/1000 HIV prevalence in adults** 0,5%
      Children under 5 who are underweight for their age** 28,8% Unemployment rate** 3,5%
      Workforce occupation** 57,6% agricolture
      15,9% industry
      26,5% services
      Literacy rate** 77,6%
      - 85,1% men
      - 70,9% women
      Population with access to drinking water*** 64%
      - 87% urban
      - 58% rural
      Population without access to sanitation*** 74%
      - 15% urban
      - 72% rural
             
      * SourceUNDP
      ** Source CIA
      *** Source UNICEF and World Health Organization Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation 2012   
      Article Count:
      1
    • India

      India

      india


      ACRA centre

       

      Workden, 313/1st Floor, 7th Cross
      Patel Rama Reddy Road, Domlur Layout
      Bangalore-71

       

      FACTSHEET

       

      Capital: New Delhi

      Area: 3.287.263 km²

      Population: 1.205.073.612

      bandiera-india

      With an estimated population of more than a billion people, which represents 17% of the global population, India is the second most populated country on the planet.
      India embraces a vast range of meteorological and climatic conditions, strongly influenced by both its geographic scale and by the topographic variety that hosts the main climatic sub-types which vary from deserts in the west, to alpine and glacial in the north, humid tropical and try tropical in the regions of the south west and the islands, to subtropical, to arid.


      Indian economy is amongst the most rapidly growing in the world. It has the second largest workforce in the world, with 516.3 million people, 60% of whom are employed in the agricultural sector and connected industries. The agricultural sector represents 28% of the GDP; services and industrial sectors make up 54% and 18% respectively. Although the Indian economy has grown constantly in the course of the last two decades, its growth is irregular and unevenly distributed amongst the different social groups, economic groups, geographical regions and between rural and urban areas.


      ACRA began working in India in 2010, in the state of Punjab, a prevalently agricultural region, where 66% of the population lives in rural areas. ACRA is focusing particularly on women and children, the most disadvantaged segments in terms of resources, access to healthcare and education.


      CURRENT PROJECTS

      >>> Sustainable tuk tuk

      COMPLETED PROJECTS

      >>> Punjab: schools meet development


      DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS

      Human Development Index
      on 187 countries in the worlds*
      134th position Urban population* 30%
      Average age** 26,2 years
      - 25,6 men
      - 26,9 women
      Per Capita Income (PPP)* $ 3,468
      ($ 9,5 a day)
      Population living under the
      poverty line**
      25% Life expectancy at birth* 67,1 years
      Under 5 mortality* 66/1000 HIV prevalence in adults** 0,3%
      Children under 5 who are underweight for their age** 43,5% Unemployment rate** 9,8%
      Workforce occupation** 52% agriculture
      14% industry
      34% services
      Literacy rate*** 61%
      - 73,4 % men
      - 47,8 % women
      Population with access to drinking water*** 92%
      - 97% urban
      - 90% rural
      Population without access to sanitation*** 51%
      - 14% urban
      - 67% rural
      * Source UNDP
      ** Source CIA
      *** Source UNICEF and World Health Organization Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation 2012   
      Article Count:
      2
    • Italy

      Italy

      italia


      ACRA centre

       

      Via Lazzaretto 3 - 20124 Milano
      T +39 02 27000291 F +39 02 2552270

       

       

      FACTSHEET

       

      Capitale: Roma

      Superficie: 301.340 km²

      Popolazione: 61.261.254

      bandiera-italia

      The Italian territory is densely anthropized and shows diverse characteristics : volcanic, endo-lagoonal, calcareous... The hilly areas are prevalent with respect to the mountainous ones and the plains, the average altitude of the territory is about 337 metres a.s.l..


      A member of the G8, according to the World Bank, in 2010 Italy represented the eighth economic power in the world for absolute nominal GDP, in front of India and behind Brazil ,which becomes the tenth if one considers the purchasing power parity.


      The Italian economy occupies an important role also in international trade, occupying the eighth place in export and import of goods. Like all advanced economies, also the Italian economy is oriented towards the service sector, which in 2011 represented a little under 75% of the added value (against 50% in 1970).


      ACRA's efforts in Italy are guided by a triple objective: inform and sensitize people, involve the young generations, develop and build capacities to generate change by laying bridges between the North and South, through channels of decentralized cooperation.


      CURRENT PROJECTS

       >>> Food Relations

      >>> Eathink 2015 - Eat local, think global

      COMPLETED PROJECTS

      >>> Hungry for rights
      >>> MygranTour
      >>> Parlez-vous global?
      >>> Dear Student

      >>> Beyond the threshold
      >>> Communication and inter-culture
      >>> The world in the classroom
      >>> AlligatOr
      >>> Water: zero waste!
      >>> A network between Italy and Punjab


      DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS

      Human Development Index
      on 187 countries in the worlds*
      24th position Urban population* 68%
      Average age** 43,5 years
      - 42,4 men
      - 44,7 women
      Per Capita Income (PPP)* $ 26.484
      ($ 72,55 a day)
      Population living under the
      poverty line**
      n.p. Life expectancy at birth* 80 years
      Under 5 mortality* 4/1000 HIV prevalence in adults** 0,3%
      Children under 5 who are underweight for their age** n.p. Unemployment rate** 8,4%
      Workforce occupation** 3.9% agricolture
      28,3% industry
      67,8% services
      Literacy rate** 98,4%
      - 98,8% men
      - 98% women
      Population with access to drinking water*** 100% Population without access to sanitation*** 0%
      * Source UNDP
      ** Source CIA
      *** Source UNICEF and World Health Organization Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation 2012   
      Article Count:
      12

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A CROSS-CUTTING FOCUS

ACRA believes that private sector can play a pivotal Role in development, specifically inclusive businesses and social enterprises can effectively deliver sustainable solutions and be catalytic in unlocking resources from multiple sources.
ACRA contributes in building up an enabling ecosystem where social enterprises can prosper and flourish.

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areas of intervention

 

countries of intervention

Italia Senegal Burkina Faso Chad Tanzania Mozambique Zambia India Cambodia Bolivia Ecuador Nicaragua Honduras El Salvador Congo

 

Global Citizenship Education

For ACRA Global Citizenship Education is an ongoing process that involves citizens in the knowledge and understanding of the interdependence of phenomena at local and global level. The single individuals and the communities can in this way contribute to fighting poverty and social exclusion and promoting human rights, justice and sustainable lifestyles. Projects >>>

 

Migrations And Co-Development

cosafacciamo migrazioni

For ACRA Co-development is a new direction of International cooperation that considers foreign citizens living in Italy as privileged interlocutors, as they naturally represent a “bridge” between two realities. Co-development therefore means, on one hand to favour the adoption of territorial, national and international policies aimed at recognizing the rights of migrants, and on the other to strengthen their role so that they can become active contributors to the development of both Italian society and that of their country of origin. Projects >>>