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usafi iringa


icona acquatansir Integrated environmental sanitation concepts for poor, underserved and peri-urban areas of Iringa Municipality



Tanzania, Iringa Municipal Council



From March 1st, 2014 to February 28th, 2019




As the regional centre, Iringa Municipality is experiencing sustained rural–urban migration which results in high population growth rate and in an increase of unplanned settlements in its outskirts.
The average income per person is about 208€ per year. In the Municipality, the main diseases  for children under five are: malaria, Acute Respitratory Infection, pneumonia and diarrhoea.
Oftentimes, the spread of these diseases is caused by lack of drinking water, of adequate sanitation and, more broadly, by unsanitary environmental conditions. In addition, let it be noted that almost half of the 48 primary schools have inadequate water supply.
While statistics show a high sanitation coverage of the urban area, these data don't take into account the recent migrations and the constant growth of informal settlements in peri-urban areas.



  • Improve health and sanitary conditions of poor communities living in peri-urban areas of the Iringa Municipality, paying particular attention to the environment and to the social and economic sustainability of the proposed solutions.




  • Accurate assessment of the area's sanitary conditions and identification of the communities' main problems.
  • Identification and implementation of innovative sanitation systems that meet the needs of the community. These systems are economically accessible and environmentally sustainable based on the CLUES approach (Community Led Urban Environmental Sanitation) and on ROSA concepts (Resource-Oriented Sanitation).
  • Strenghtening and management of the various stages of the sanitation process: market evaluation and promotion of credit options for entrepreneurs and final users, technical and management training for technicians, entrepreneurs and local communities.
  • Optimization of management solutions for the supply systems of sanitation facilities: building of infrastructure and maintenance of systems, collection, transport, treatment and repurpose of fecal sludge and solid waste.
  • South-south exchange visits.
  • Development of a communication and awareness strategy on the topic of hygiene and sanitation aimed at starting a process of behavioural change in the involved communities.
  • Training of local authorities on teaching materials directed at the promotion of good hygiene practices.
  • Organization of hygiene promotion campaigns.
  • Promotion and marketing of low-cost technologies that test water quality and of solutions for the supply and treatment of household water.
  • WASH activity in schools.
  • Project and realization of household, municipal and institutional sanitation infrastructure.
  • Building of "water kiosks" in peri-urban areas lacking water.
  • Building of sanitation facilities in schools according to national SWASH guidelines.



Direct beneficiaries:

Population of target peri-urban area, pupils, patients of public health facilities, municipal authorities (IMC, IRUWASA) and private entrepreneurs, for a total of 170.000 people.

Indirect beneficiaries:

360.000 inhabitants of the Iringa Municipality and its surroundings.



In all its dimensions, sustainability is a crucial part of this action. The development ofsustainable systems of water supply, sanitation and waste management is based both on appropriate technologies and on economic-financial and environmental sustainability.
From the point of view of political sustainability, the intervention is in line with existing policies and with laws that regulate the water and sanitation sector in Tanzania.
From the point of view of institutions, the Iringa Municipal Council and the Iringa Urban Water Supply and Sanitation Authority have been directly involved in the project from its inception and have taken part in its implementation as partners, especially with respect to infrastructural interventions, work supervision, hygiene promotion and to campaigns for demand's creation.


Total value:


1.834.509 €

Principal founder:

ue European Commission



  • Iringa Municipal Council (IMC);
  • Iringa Urban Water Supply and Sanitation Authority (IRUWASA);
  • Maji na Maendeleo Dodoma (MAMADO);
  • Iringa Development of Youth, Disabled and Children Care (IDYDC)
  • University of Natural Resources and Life Science, Vienna (BOKU);
  • Università degli Studi di Brescia - Centro di docu-mentazione e ricerca sulle tecnologie appropriate per la gestione dell'ambiente nei Paesi in via di sviluppo (CeTAmb);
  • Medici con l'Africa CUAMM – Fondazione "Opera San Francesco Saverio";
  • International Centre for Water Management Services (CEWAS)