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WASH in Schools in Zanzibar


ico acqua internazanuni Scaling up School WASH Services through Zanzibar SWASH guidelines  by improving facilities & influencing positive behaviours  for better education.



Tanzania, Zanzibar (Unguja)



From 1st June 2014 to February 2015




Many schools in Zanzibar are in a dire situation mostly characterized by an  insufficient water supply, absent or inadequate sanitation and hand-washing facilities. In some cases, facilities do exist but are broken down; untidy or unsafe. Latrine designs in most schools do not reflect needs of girls, pre-primary schoolchildren and those with disabilities. Schools characterized by the above pervasive situation in Zanzibar have a poor learning environment, absenteeism, underperformance and higher dropout rates.

The project will ensure to 6 schools a clean water supply and an adequate sanitation favoring, therefore, the establishment of a clean and healthy learning environment. ACRA works closely with the Ministry of Education and Vocational Training of Zanzibar and in collaboration with UNICEF. Added value of will be updating national guidelines SWASH (School Water, Sanitation and Hygiene).



Overall objective:
The project proposes the implementation of the SWASH guidelines (School Water Sanitation and Hygiene) in 6 schools of Zanzibar archipelago (West and North A Districts of Unguja).

Specific objectives:  

  • Improvement of the WASH services in schools in Zanzibar through the provision of adequate latrines, facilities for washing hands and water supply facilities.
  • Strengthen the hygiene promotion through the creation of WASH committees in schools and a focused approach on the child, with particular interest on the proper use of drinking water, hand washing with soap, the proper use and maintenance of toilets and the management menstrual hygiene for girls.
  • Capacity building for school boards and teachers on managing SWASH through development plans, budget allocations, implementation and monitoring of the ongoing and ended projects made for the improvement of sustainability.
  • Pilot activities and update the SWASH guidelines.



  • Construction of facilities in the 6 schools.
  • Set-up and implementation of training courses for teachers and schools committees (teachers and school committees will disseminate training contents to the others children).
  • Hygiene promotion campaigns through child-to-child approach and organization of motivational events.
  • The range of events implemented will be selected by the school management along with the teachers’ body, covering activities such as theatre, acting, drawing, in addition to activities in class.
  • Setting and distribution of O&M handbook for WASH facilities.
  • Training of teachers and students on handbook contents and preparation of schools agreements on O&M duties and responsibilities.
  • Set-up of the Permanent WASH Committee.
  • Final Review, Update, and validation of SWASH guidelines at the end of the piloting phase.



Direct beneficiaries:

8.300 pupils, 120 School teachers, 664 School Committees members, for a total of  9.084 people.

Indirect beneficiaries:

8 officials of the Educational District and other people of the District staff, staff MoEVT (Ministry of Education) and other stakeholders attending the sessions of the National Committee SWASH.




A strong emphasis is given to the post construction activities to ensure regular and correct use and maintenance of the provided facilities. The mobilization and empowerment of school staff participating in the planning, implementation and management of their own services will ensure an enabling environment and the long-term success of sanitation improvements.
Furthermore, a Permanent WASH Committee will be institutionalized in order to supervise all WASH activities implemented by the MoEVT through its partners.



Total value:


505.419 USD

Principal founder:





Beyond the project