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ACRA centre


Reparto San Juan, de la UNIVAL 1/2c Al Sur,

Casa N° 523
Calle El Carmen, Managua,
tel. +505 22774676




Capital: Managua

Area: 130.668 km2
Population: 5.869.859


Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America in territorial extension, but has less than 6 million inhabitants. Known as the country of lakes and volcanoes, Nicaragua is in fact a large depression that geologically connects North and South America. It is thus a biological and anthropological bridge between two subcontinents.

The population is mainly of European origin or mestizo and the ethnic groups represent 8.6% of the total population. Though it has a variety of natural and cultural resources, the management and protection of these resources is lacking. The country's economy is based principally on export of agricultural products (coffee, sugar, peanuts, tobacco) and on cattle rearing. In recent years tourism and fishing have developed considerably.

ACRA has been operating in Nicaragua since 1986. In the first years its activities were confined to the provinces of León and Managua, in the western region of the country and substantially the activities were connected with training in agriculture and livestock, and with transport. In 1992 activities were extended to the region of Río S. Juan, in the southwest of the country, involving the sustainable management of natural resources of the wet tropics (agro-ecology, forestation, ecotourism, small scale fishing).


>>> Water and governance


>>> The 4Rs of Chinandega


Human Development Index
on 187 countries in the worlds*
129th position Urban population* 57%
Average age** 22,9 years
- 22,1 men
- 23,7 women
Per Capita Income (PPP)* $ 2.430
($ 6,65 a day)
Population living under the
poverty line**
46,2% Life expectancy at birth* 72,1 years
Under 5 mortality* 26/1000 HIV prevalence in adults** 0,2%
Children under 5 who are underweight for their age** 4,3% Unemployment rate** 7,3%
Workforce occupation** 28% agricolture
19% industry
53% services
Literacy rate** 67,5%
- 67,2% men
- 67,8% women
Population with access to drinking water*** 85%
- 98% urban
- 68% rural
Population without access to sanitation*** 11%
- 4% urban
- 20% rural
* Source UNDP
** Source CIA
*** Source UNICEF and World Health Organization Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation 2012